Top 18 planning strategies help break through inte

2022-08-09
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18 planning strategies help to break through intelligent manufacturing. Xu Jing, director of the Institute of intelligent manufacturing of Huaxin Research Institute, "at present, our country implements" made in China 2025 ", accelerates the integration and development of new generation information technology and manufacturing technology, takes intelligent manufacturing as the main direction of the deep integration of the two, and comprehensively improves the intelligent level of enterprise research and development, production, management and service, Promote the transformation of China's manufacturing mode from made in China to intelligent made in China. In view of the recent invitation for bid evaluation, evaluation and demonstration of the "13th five year plan" strategic planning project from some regions and enterprises, combined with the experience of following the second phase of the "strategic research on building a strong manufacturing country" research team led by Professor quxianming, academician Chen zuoling of the Chinese Academy of engineering and former vice president of the General Academy of Mechanical Sciences, to Dongguan for investigation, especially around the "made in Dongguan 2025" planning project approved by the Chinese Academy of engineering The strategic planning of enterprise intelligent manufacturing puts forward 18 planning strategies from four aspects: development situation and environment, strategic policies and objectives, strategic tasks and priorities, and strategic support and guarantee

a first aspect:

development situation and environment

Article 1: it needs to conform to the national strategy

in order to adapt to and lead the new normal, the country has formulated the national strategies such as the "the Belt and Road" strategy, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei integration strategy, the Yangtze River Economic Belt strategy, and the "made in China 2025" strategy, pointing out the key development direction during the 13th Five Year Plan period and the new round of comprehensively deepening reform launched by China, We have made reform plans for China's economic system and political system

when preparing the "13th five year plan" for intelligent manufacturing of regions and enterprises, we need to carefully study and understand the national economic policies, identify the development direction of the country, and take advantage of the trend. For example, around the "made in China 2025" strategy, how to provide planning considerations on capacity docking for the "the Belt and Road" strategy within the accessible scope; Focus on the "Beijing Tianjin Hebei coordinated development planning outline" to formulate targeted intelligent manufacturing plans for the transferred out industries and the undertaken industries, so as to further promote the industrial upgrading and transfer; According to the development strategy of the Yangtze River economic belt, intelligent manufacturing planning is carried out in combination with the development ideas of exploring new urbanization roads and promoting regional integration

Article 2: need for urgency

at present, developed countries are expected to implement the Reindustrialization and manufacturing return strategy after the financial crisis under the new economic normal, formulate and implement a series of major measures, and try to win new competitive advantages in the manufacturing industry; At the same time, some developing countries are also accelerating their planning and layout, actively integrating into the global re division system, undertaking industrial and capital transfers, and expanding international market space. China is facing a severe situation of "two-way squeeze" in the field of manufacturing. China's real economy has entered the new normal, and its development has entered the medium and high speed. It is urgent to formulate plans, and these urgent factors need to be fully considered at the same time

intelligent manufacturing is an inevitable choice to deal with the great international challenges, a key measure to enhance advantages and break bottlenecks, a new model to leverage economic growth under the new normal of economic development, and also the main direction and breakthrough of the deep integration of industrialization and industrialization

b second aspect:

strategic guidelines and objectives

Article 3: it is necessary to be forward-looking

whether the government plans regional development or enterprises plan industrial strategies, it is necessary to take a new path of innovation driven development and abandon short-term immediate interests. Those extensive development models that only focus on economic benefits and do not account for resource and environmental costs need to be discarded in planning; For those industries or development models with "production capacity reaching the ceiling and profits lying on the wooden floor", not only can they not be invested and constructed repeatedly, but even the less developed regions in the central and western regions also need to resist the temptation of short-term immediate interests, and the planning needs to be forward-looking

at present, the state emphasizes that the concept of ecological civilization construction should be integrated into industrial development. Under the complex situation of the scarcity of new industrial growth points, the hard constraints of energy conservation and emission reduction, and the superposition of cyclical recession in the manufacturing industry, the planning should grasp the latest trend of the new round of international industrial revolution and make the planning forward-looking

Article 4: goal formulation is feasible

we should change the previous planning thinking of blindly pursuing height, take the real market demand and the development demand of industrial transformation and upgrading as the planning basis, and formulate the plan, especially propose that the indicators should be positive, reliable and leave room for sustainable and stable development. Whether expanding investment or launching projects, we should comprehensively analyze human, financial and material resources to fully reflect our ability to do what we can. We should also be "grounded", combine the actual situation of regions and enterprises, seek truth from facts, and customize it to ensure that the plan can be implemented and operable. A good plan is an objective description based on its own scientific diagnosis. It is a "self portrait". It needs to fully understand its own and regional conditions, enterprise development, economic and social development foundation, determine the appropriate economic scale, industrial adjustment structure, make rational use of the existing foundation, and highlight its distinctive characteristics

at the same time, the relationship between "big" and "small" also requires that planning should take into account the overall situation, understand the general situation, actively respond to national incentive policies, and unswervingly take a new path of innovation driven development

Article 5: it should have inheritance and continuity

whether it is the economic development of urban areas or the development of enterprise industry, it is like a relay race, which needs continuous efforts and persistence to achieve development results. Regional industrial planning not only needs to have the inheritance and realistic development status of industrial development, but also needs to stand the test of history, and can combine the past successful experience. Although the concept of intelligent manufacturing is advanced and the technology is innovative, if we lack the scientific attitude and the spirit of seeking truth from facts, do not work hard on Inheritance and sustainability, plan only for innovation, pay attention to economic benefits, despise social benefits, etc., the result will lay hidden dangers for the implementation and create obstacles for further industrial planning. We need to change the previous situation of "leaders moving and planning redoubling", and emphasize that planning should be continuous and avoid tossing

Article 6: need to reflect internationalization

in an open economic environment, it is feasible to improve the international development level of manufacturing industry, resolve overcapacity in China's manufacturing industry, and reduce domestic capacity plus export capacity of foreign direct investment. In the strategic planning, we should increase the content of internationalization strategy, especially strengthen policy guidance, promote industrial cooperation, and extend from processing and manufacturing links to cooperative research and development, joint design, marketing, brand cultivation and other high-end links, so as to improve the level of international cooperation

Article 7: we need to pay attention to demonstration and guidance, and implement step by step

according to the needs of industry and enterprise development, in the automotive manufacturing industry, electronic and communication equipment manufacturing industry, petrochemical manufacturing industry and other industries, we should select enterprises with a good foundation of vertical information integration and urgent needs for the development of intelligent manufacturing, promote the integrated application demonstration of intelligent packaged equipment and the application demonstration of digital workshop/factory, summarize the demonstration experience, Comprehensively promote intelligent manufacturing in key industries and realize the large-scale development of intelligent manufacturing

it is necessary to fully consider the development foundation of China's manufacturing industry, and the implementation of intelligent manufacturing is by no means overnight. Of course, emphasizing the step-by-step implementation of intelligent manufacturing does not mean that we must adopt a "serial" development path, that is, implement it in accordance with the four stage sequence of "mechanization electrification digitization intellectualization". Due to the rapid development of the new generation of information technology, enterprises can use the new generation of information technology to solve the key problems in realizing automation and digitalization, so as to shorten the process of advancing towards digitalization, networking and intelligence; At the same time, the planning pays attention to the introduction of mature intelligent technologies and devices to realize the corresponding intelligent functions in the process of developing digital equipment and digital workshops/factories, that is, the "parallel" development path can be adopted

c the third aspect:

strategic tasks and priorities

Article 8: engineering project traction is required

based on the actual situation of the region and the enterprise, this paper puts forward relevant projects for the implementation of intelligent manufacturing planning, takes these engineering projects as the starting point, and closely focuses on the key links in key fields to carry out the integrated innovation and engineering application of the integration of new generation information technology and manufacturing equipment. Support the joint research of industry, University and application, rely on advantageous enterprises, build intelligent factories/digital workshops in key fields according to the intelligence of key processes, machine replacement of key positions, production process and supply chain. In key areas, industries and enterprises with good basic conditions and urgent needs, pilot demonstrations, application and promotion of intelligent factories, digital workshops, intelligent equipment and products, new formats and new models, intelligent management, intelligent services, etc. will be implemented by classification

Article 9: it is necessary to promote the implementation of production-oriented manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing

planning needs to promote the transformation of manufacturing enterprises to service-oriented manufacturing with product life cycle management, and guide enterprises to strengthen the vertical information integration of enterprise boundary content. It is to realize the vertical integration through the value chain, and realize the integration of internal information flow, capital flow and logistics, so as to realize the seamless link of information in all links within the enterprise. Expand value-added services for the full life cycle of products and improve the proportion of service revenue. Enterprises are encouraged to establish a remote monitoring, diagnosis, repair and maintenance service platform to provide customers with professional remote status management and on-site technical support, so as to realize the full life cycle management and maintenance services of products

Article 10: it is necessary to promote the intersection with other industries

promote the integration of industry and other industries, and realize the simultaneous, benign interaction and integrated development of industrialization and informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization. Information technology is the most dynamic technology. With the deep integration of information technology in the manufacturing industry, the deep integration of intelligent manufacturing as a breakthrough is a powerful starting point to promote the manufacturing industry from big to strong in the future, and promote the comprehensive integration and development of manufacturing and service industry. The integrated development of the manufacturing industry and the tertiary industry will enhance the added value of the manufacturing industry. At the same time, the service industry, through industrial products as the carrier, is bound to improve the length of time and space of its own service value

due to the shrinkage resistance of stiffeners, holes, bosses, sculptures and other shapes Article 11: it is necessary to formulate intelligent manufacturing solutions that meet the regional development

at present, the new normal forced industries to save resources to the greatest extent and reduce the harm to the environment, so it is necessary to accelerate the transformation and upgrading. Therefore, on the basis of the rapid development of informatization, comprehensive thinking on the deep integration of the two modernizations, understanding of intelligent manufacturing, and exploring the entry points and ways of traditional enterprise informatization transformation require professional service institutions to conduct in-depth research and exploration, design targeted transformation and upgrading schemes for enterprises, develop and utilize networking, digitalization, intelligence and other technologies, and strive to seize opportunities and make breakthroughs in some key areas, Promote the better and faster development of enterprises

according to the current situation of industrial enterprises, prepare the top-level design scheme of enterprise informatization, perfectly integrate robots, intelligent equipment and information technology in the manufacturing process, mainly solve the intellectualization of enterprises from product design to manufacturing and application, and realize the construction goal of "digital workshop". "Digital workshop" standard, and formulate top-level design scheme

d fourth aspect:

policy support and guarantee

Article 12: need

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